Tuna is big business in Ecuador. In 2012, the nation reportedly caught over 217,000 metric tons of tuna, accounting for over 40% of total tuna catches in the Eastern Pacific. This entire tonnage of fish, (alongside substantial exports), was processed by 14 plants holding a collective processing capacity of 400 million tonnes. The numbers go on.
Yet big numbers don’t necessarily add up to responsible business, directly benefitting fishermen, their families and communities. Indeed, this is reflected in the state of the nation’s traditional pole and line sector. Once a valued fishery, consisting of 70 vessels landing some 10,000 tonnes, recent decades have witnessed a dramatic dwindling of the fleet – today, only 7 vessels landing 1,000 tonnes. This decline is, in part, due to the higher prices and margins received on tuna caught by purse seine.
But with the rising prominence of the benefits of pole and line fishing, to not just consumers, but also fishermen and their environment, the market now looks to change. And the size of Ecuador’s fishing sector means that there is real opportunity to impact many lives.
To explain, I was visiting the fishery in my capacity as Chairman of the International Pole & Line Foundation, in an effort to understand the challenges and opportunities faced by the sector, and how we, as a Foundation with the support of international industry, could support the re-invigoration of this traditional fishery.
During my visit, I was staying for the post part in Manta, Ecuador’s largest seaport located about mid-way down the country’s coastal stretch (on one of the westernmost points of South America).
Self-proclaimed as “the world capital of tuna”, the city of 260,000 is home to South America’s largest fishing fleet and claims the highest percentage of unloading and the largest quantity of seafood processing.
On arrival, I met with a group of fishermen, NGOs and government representative to discuss their experiences and the work of IPNLF, including Ramon Montano, Ecuador’s Under Secretary of Fishery Resources, Xavier Chalen and Luis Suarez from Conservation International and Augusto Lopez and Christopher Roig of the Manta Pole & Line Association.
Gratefully relying upon Cristina Rodriguez from Salica for translation, my presentation was met with great interest and lively questions. Ramon Montano, the Under Secretary for Fisheries, and Augusto Lopez, the President of the Manta Pole & Line Association both agreed to join IPNLF as a member, valuing our support.
Similarly exciting was learning about the united desire from NGOs, industry and government alike, to invest in the sustainable development of Ecuador’s fisheries. Mr Montano was particularly keen to move the fishery onto MSC assessment, a natural next-step following the fishery’s recent pre-assessment and impending Fisheries Improvement Project (FIP); again, a move supported by all. However, while enthusiasm was plentiful and ambitions are high, it became clear that there is much to do.
Two key issues arising from the pre-assessment centred around 1) bait-fishing and 2) the need for a fisheries management plan. While the experience and expertise of those around the table is already contributing to making change, this is where IPNLF can really help the fishery – investing in research and practical tools, which can drive the necessary change at a snappier pace. The result will be investment in the years to come, as well as a productive partnership between IPNLF, the industry and local community that supports local livelihoods and ensures the longevity of our vital and valuable oceans.
After a day fishing with the Ecuadorian pole and liner fishers, quite a few photos in front of boats and some lively discussions, perhaps the most promising sight I saw was that of an unpainted wooden boat, supported by a cross-tangle of stilts and supports.
The San Louis 3 is a new 25 metre vessel: the first pole and line fishing vessel to be built in Ecuador in 25 years. With a holding capacity of 50 metric tonnes, 500 horsepower and a scheduled launch date for June – this seemed a symbol of the future of pole and line fishing in South America; in the making and soon to set sail.